Celiac disease is characterized by an attack of our immune system to the small intestine. The immune system is the defense barrier of the body to be protected against invaders such as viruses and bacteria.
When people with celiac disease consume gluten, a vegetable protein which is a nutrient contained in wheat, barley, rye and possibly oats, the immune system mistakenly reacts to gluten by attacking the intestine. The intestine absorbs many nutrients and this explains the nutritional deficiencies that some people suffer.
The celiac term comes from the Latin word for womb, however, people with celiac disease have a number of not only gastrointestinal symptoms but also in other parts of the body, the most common symptoms are:
– Diarrhea or constipation, hemorrhoids, inflammation in the anus, stomach pain, belching, fecal incontinence (involuntary passage of stools), gas, bloating often stinky, deficiency of digestive enzymes, mouth ulcers or sores, slow and heavy digestion.
– Anxiety, migraine, seizures, mood changes, among other neurological problems.
– Fungus, yeast, among other infections.
– Intolerance to foods such as dairy products, beans, fruits, meats, and others.
– Problems in the reproductive system and infertility.
– Dermatitis or skin rash.
– Weight loss, rheumatic diseases, osteoporosis.
– Anemia, extreme tiredness.
People with this condition may have one or several of these symptoms and the disease or they may even have the disease but no symptoms. The diagnosis is sometimes difficult to obtain, it requires several tests and interdisciplinary. In other words, several professionals need to get together to get a clear diagnosis, because sometimes the symptoms can be confused with other diseases.
Health improvement after the diagnosis is achieved only with the exclusion of gluten. It is recommended to pay attention to the tolerance of food, and consult with some allergist because you could also have food allergies.
In some adults if after a while there are no changes in their health status, other tests must be done to rule out other diseases such as Lupus, Sjogren, Thyroid, and others.